Treatment of Thyroid Cancer With Radioactive Iodine

Radioactive iodine, a radioactive isotope, is used in the treatment of some thyroid cancer tumors. Iodine was first used in Germany, where there are about 150 health centers for the treatment of thyroid cancer with radioactive iodine.

Food, bread, seafood, and thyroid need large quantities of iodine to produce gland hormones, as iodine is an important component in the formation of thyroid hormones, and the thyroid hormone molecule contains iodine atoms between (3 to 4), and is used radioactive iodine decay to a source of beta radiation that reaches an 8-day-old class is stored in the thyroid cells in the human body.

In order for the thyroid gland to form its iodine-rich hormones, it synthesizes the amount of iodine that is ingested and absorbed by the blood, so the thyroid is interested in the process of extracting iodine from the blood and storing it after its concentration to benefit from it. In the formation and manufacture of hormones, cells are characterized.

Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioactive iodine

  • The doctor gives the patient thyroid cancer radioactive iodine in the form of sodium iodide pills, or in the form of aqueous solution taken by the patient by mouth, and in the case of difficult swallowing the patient can take an injection in the blood vessels, which increases the speed of dissemination of iodine in the blood, and the concentration of storage in Iodine cells, and the advantage of iodine not stored in any organ or part of the body except in the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid cancer patient can be given many doses, and although its severity does not affect the rest of the body, radioactive iodine is used mainly in the treatment of two types of thyroid disease, it is useful in the treatment of increased and hyperthyroidism, and is used in the treatment of thyroid cancer, There are no negative effects of radioactive iodine doses used to treat thyroid cancer, but the patient may feel bitterness and some pain and disorder in the digestive system and salivary glands, and iodine helps to reduce the thyroid inflation.
  • The doctor asks the patient to stop taking anti-thyroid drugs a week before starting treatment with radioactive iodine and to refrain from any pills in the composition of iodine or any seaweed substances, as well as mineral pills and vitamins fortified.
  • The effect of radioactive iodine in the thyroid gland lasts from one to three months, and the iodine effect on the thyroid cells gradually.
  • The thyroid affects two types of cancer: papillary and follicular cancer, both of which are treated with radioactive iodine because these cells are able to absorb radioactive iodine and eliminate thyroid cancer more quickly. Surgical intervention and resection.
  • The doctor regularly monitors the patient’s health and reassures him of his full recovery from thyroid cancer.

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