Kidneys are important organs that purify them from the toxic substances that result from eating foods and drinks, to maintain public health and prevent diseases, have many great benefits that God blessed us as a key organ in the urinary system and any imbalance in its performance affects us a lot of Serious diseases, what are the benefits of kidneys? How can we keep it safe and function properly?
Composition of the kidneys
The kidneys are two pieces that resemble a bean but are larger in size, a member of the urinary and endocrine organs. The inside is composed of fibers in the kidney basin, renal cortex, renal pulp, renal cup, and renal pelvis. Each kidney also has an adrenal gland surrounded by two layers of fat. It protects the kidneys from the upper parts of the eleventh and twelfth ribs.
The location of the kidneys in the body
The right kidney is located near the spine and is precisely below the diaphragm where it lies on a slightly tilted angle behind the peritoneum. The right kidney is lower than the left and slimmer, due to the formation of the abdominal cavity that results from the location of the liver behind it. The left kidney is the closest to the middle, where it is located at the same level of the thoracic paragraph XII to the third lumbar vertebrae, and is under the diaphragm, specifically behind the spleen.
Kidney benefits for humans
- Kidneys are very important organs and have a great and essential role to survive and get a healthy body free of toxins, the following are the great kidney benefits of the human body: –
- The kidneys purify the body of toxic substances that result from the accumulation of metabolism and digestion in tissues that turn into toxins such as urea, a substance that expels the kidneys through urination.
- The kidneys work to balance the proportion of water and salts in the body so that they are moderate and do not increase or decrease, because any imbalance rate of any of them causes diseases that may amount to death.
- The kidneys adjust the pH and alkalinity in your blood by expelling excess acids and alkalis in your urine.
- The kidneys help the ability of calcium to deposition in bones, by secreting a substance that converts vitamin D directly responsible for the deposition of calcium in the body, from inert to active.
- The kidneys produce erythropoietin, the substance responsible for stimulating bone marrow which in turn increases the production of red blood cells.
- The kidneys help to maintain the level of blood pressure in the body through the secretion of renin hormone, which works to activate some of the substances in the blood. They also secrete prostaglandins, which in turn lower high blood pressure.
Factors affecting kidney function
There are some factors that directly affect the functions of the kidneys, causing damage or inflammation in them and thus their inability to perform normally and this leads to serious diseases that can cause death, as the kidney is a very important and indispensable member of the human body.
These factors include:
- Permanent or chronic hypertension.
- A genetic factor that plays a major role in the transmission of kidney disease from one person to another in the family.
- Weight disorder either over or over.
- Smoking is a factor that directly affects kidney damage and reduces its ability to function well.
- Older people are more likely to develop kidney disease.
Tips for the prevention of kidney disease
In order for the kidney function to function properly and benefit from it to maintain the health of the body and get rid of harmful toxins, it is necessary to follow some important habits and behaviors that help to protect the kidneys from diseases, and to stay away from factors affecting the dysfunction, here are some important tips that must be done By: –
- Quit smoking, where smoking works to prevent the arrival of the right amount of blood to the kidneys leading to the laziness of the kidneys or the development of diseases that are even more serious to the extent of kidney cancer if you are addicted to smoking immediately stop this bad habit.
- Adjust the level of blood pressure in the body, where high blood pressure leads to damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys and prevent the arrival of blood sufficient to them, which leads to the inability to perform its function in clearing the body of accumulated toxins.
- Exercise is one of the most important things that help to activate the performance of the kidneys and maintain a healthy body balanced as it works to lower blood pressure, which has an essential role in the work of the kidneys.
- Maintaining a healthy and consistent weight, obesity is one of the worst enemies of the kidneys, it leads to the accumulation of toxins in the body significantly, which strains the kidneys in the performance of its function to expel those toxins that are in the case of overweight more than normal.
- Eating healthy foods and eating a healthy and balanced diet will prevent kidney stones from developing unhealthy and contaminated foods.
- Regulating blood sugar level, an important factor in the maintenance of the kidneys and prevention of diseases, high blood sugar leads to kidney problems may reach death due to a defect in the blood vessels, and high sugar causes the accumulation of bacteria in the bladder It leads to urinary tract infections, which are naturally transmitted to the kidneys, causing infections and therefore serious illnesses.
- Drinking enough water at least two liters a day, water helps the kidneys to function in the expulsion of toxins and remove excess salts in the body, and prevent the emergence of stones in the kidneys, taking into account not to drink a large amount of water at once.
- Reducing the use of painkillers and medicines, as taking it without consulting a doctor and for a long time leads to kidney damage, especially anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen.
- Perform regular kidney tests, as a kind of reassurance, and make sure that they work properly, through a urine test or a blood test, as they reveal whether there is a malfunction in the performance of the kidneys.
- Knowing the history of the family, it is very important to be aware of the history of diseases experienced by grandparents or parents. Diabetes and blood pressure are genetic diseases that are transmitted among family members and cause kidney problems.